domingo, 31 de outubro de 2010

Fundação da Filosofia moderna.


FUNDAÇÃO DA FILOSOFIA MODERNA

1637René Descartes, filósofo e matemático francês, nascido em La Haye, na Turenne e falecido em Estocolmo (1596-1650), funda a Filosofia moderna, com a obra: Discurso do Método, onde estabelece a necessidade de cada um por em dúvida todas as suas opiniões e indica o verdadeiro método para se chegar à verdade, que se resume nesses quatro preceitos: 1º) não aceitar coisa alguma como verdadeira, sem a conhecer evidentemente como tal; 2º) dividir as dificuldades em tantas partes quantas for possível; 3º) conduzir por ordem os pensamentos, procedendo do simples para o composto; 4º) fazer enumerações tão completas e revisões tão gerais que se não omita a menor coisa (primeira e segunda partes). A terceira parte estabelece as regras provisórias da moral, antes de se chegar a verdade, sendo preciso: 1º) obedecer às leis e aos costumes, conservar a sua religião; 2º) ser firme e corajoso em suas ações; preferir a própria vitória à fortuna. A quarta e a quinta partes resumem a Metafísica e a Física de Descartes, havendo a obra em apreço libertado as inteligências do jugo da Escolástica, e encontrando-se nela, ainda, o princípio fundamental da filosofia cartesiana: “Cogito ergo sum”“Penso logo existo”.

Nota: Este trabalho é o resultado de pesquisas realizadas pelo ilustre professor Elias Barreto e publicado pela Enciclopédia das Grandes Invenções e Descobertas, edição de 1967, volume1, páginas 148/152.

20 comentários:

Flor da Vida disse...

Texto reflexivo! Preceitos sábios e valorosos! Amigo vim te deixar um abraço, meu carinho e lhe desejar um ótimo domigo! Bjsss

Stella disse...

Grande Cartesio, Furtado.

Grazie per le tue visite.
Baci

Rosane Marega disse...

Oie ROsemildooooooo, vim aqui para te deixar um MONTÃO de beijinhossss e te desejar um domingo bem gostosooooooooooo

Zélia Guardiano disse...

Amigo Rosemildo
Belíssima postagem!
Além do entretenimento, é preciso encontar cultura.
E Filosofia é tudo.
Gosto dela!
Até já lecionei a matéria.

Grande abraço

Andradarte disse...

Om saber profundo, que mal alcanço...
Abraço

Everson Russo disse...

Interessante o post,,,otimo domingo, bom feriado e uma otima semana pra ti amigo...abraços.

JB disse...

E mais uma magnífica publicação! Esta fez parte dos meus estudos... Sempre gostei de viajar nas teorias filosóficas...

Um bom domingo!

Beijinho

Magia da Inês disse...

Olá, amigo!
Outra lição... outros conhecimentos... seu blog é tudo de bom!!!
Bom domingo!
Beijinhos.
Itabira
Minas

Graça Pereira disse...

Com o maior respeito por Descartes...altero um pouco a sua filosofia: " Sonho, logo existo"
Beijo carinhoso
Graça

REGGINA MOON disse...

Muito interessante...a Filosofia anda sempre ao lado da poesia, na minha forma de ver....o que é um poeta, a não ser um grande contestador dos sentimentos?

Grande beijo!

Reggina Moon

Ira Buscacio disse...

Furtado,querido amigo,

Filosofia... adoro!

Uma linda semana pra vc etds os seus

Rosane Marega disse...

Será?
Amei o versinho viu.
Beijossssss

Vivian disse...

...olá moço!

obrigada pelo carinho da visita
em meu canto!

e quanto ao seu post,
penso que pensar é filosofar,
logo...como adoro pensar,
um pouco de filósofa acho que
tenho...rsrs

bj, menino!

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